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Thursday, February 6, 2014

Literary Terms List 5

Parallelism-  the principle in sentence structure that states elements of equal function should have equal form.
Ex.  This is not only just what I wanted, but also just what I needed.

Parody-  an imitation of mimicking of a composition or of the style of a well-known artist.
Ex.  Weird Al is the king of parodies.

Pathos-  the ability in literature to call forth feelings of pity, compassion, and/or sadness.
Ex.  The SPCA commercials.

Pedantry-  a display of learning for its own sake.
Ex.  Edward answered all the questions on his history test correctly, but because he misspelled Napoleon’s name, his teacher took off points.

Personification-  a figure of speech attributing human qualities to inanimate objects or abstract ideas.
Ex.  The twisted arms of the tree reached out and grabbed her shirt.

Plot-  a plan or scheme to accomplish a purpose.
Ex.  Every story has a plot line.

Poignant-  eliciting sorrow or sentiment.
Ex.  It was a poignant memoir of their lost life together.

Point of View-  the attitude unifying any oral or written argumentation; in description, the physical point from which the observer views what he is describing.
Ex.  Everything looks different through the eyes of a child.

Postmodemism-  literature characterized by experimentation, irony, nontraditional forms, multiple  meanings, playfulness and a blurred boundary between real and imaginary
Ex.  Catch-22

Prose-  the ordinary form of spoken and written language; language that does not have a regular rhyme pattern.
Ex.  Hello, how are you today?

Protagonist-  the central character in a work of fiction; opposes antagonist
Ex.  Hamlet, Ariel, Harry Potter, ect.

Pun-  play on words; the humorous use of a word emphasizing different meanings or applications.
Ex.  My calendar days are numbered.

Purpose-  the intended result wished by an author.
Ex.  Most authors will write a story with a purpose.

Realism-  writing about the ordinary aspects of life in a straightforward manner to reflect life as it actually is.
Ex.  Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Refrain-  a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a poem or song; chorus.
Ex.  For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride,
In the sepulchre there by the sea,
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
-Edgar Allan Poe

Requiem-  any chant, dirge, hymn, or musical service for the dead.
Ex.   Mozart’s Requiem in D Minor.

Resolution-  point in a literary work at which the chief dramatic complication is worked out; denouement.
Ex. In Romeo and Juliet, the resolution is when the two families end their feud.

Restatement-  idea repeated for emphasis.
Ex.  That was great!  That was great!

Rhetoric-  use of language, both written and verbal in order to persuade.
Ex.  All blond-haired people are dumb.

Rhetorical Question-  question suggesting its own answer or not requiring an answer; used inargument or persuasion.
Ex.  Doesn't anyone care about the environment?

Rising Action-  plot build up, caused by conflict and complications, advancement towards climax.
Ex.  The rising action in Romeo and Juliet is when they first meet at the party.

Romanticism-  movement in western culture beginning in the eighteenth and peaking in thenineteenth century as a revolt against Classicism; imagination was valued over reason and fact.
Ex.  Charles Dickens

Satire-  ridicules or condemns the weakness and wrong doings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general.
Ex.  “What’s the use you learning to do right, when it’s troublesome to do right and isn’t no trouble to do wrong, and the wages is just the same?” (Chap 16) - Huck Finn

Scansion-  the analysis of verse in terms of meter.
Ex.  See this link for an example.

Setting-  the time and place in which events in a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem occur.
Ex.  There are three setting s in the Hunger Games, District twelve, the Capitol, and the arena.

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