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Monday, September 9, 2013

Vocabulary #4

accoladenoun: any award, honor, or laudatory notice.
  • The press expressed accolades for the play write.
acerbitynoun: harshness or severity, as of temper or expression.
  • The acerbity in his voice and manner drove his audience away.
attrition-  noun: a reduction or decrease in numbers, size, or strength.
  • Our soccer team has experienced an attrition due to girls leaving for college.
bromide-  nouna person who is platitudinous and boring.
  • The bromide young man had no people skills.
chauvinist-[shohvuh-nist] noun: a person who believes one gender is superior to the other.
  • There was a group of male chauvinists protesting the fact that women were allowed to join the military.
chronic-  adjective: constant; habitual; inveteratecontinuing a long time or recurring frequently.
  • Lilly has a chronic habit of biting her nails.
expound-  verb (used with object): to set forth or state in detail; to explain; interpret.
  • The chemist expounded theories on how to find a cure for cancer.
factionalism- noun: self-interested; partisan within a group forming a minority inside another group.
  • There was a sign of factionalism forming within the company.
 immaculate-  adjective: free from spot or stain; spotlessly clean; free from moral blemish or impurity; pure; undefiled.
  • When my brother had finished washing the dishes they were immaculate.
imprecation-  noun:  cursing; the act of calling an evil curse on someone.
  • The imprecations the football fans made toward the power line company when the power went out were not deserved.
ineluctable-  adjective:  incapable of being evaded; inescapable.  inevitable, unavoidable, irrevocable, unpreventable,unstoppable.
  • Growing up is ineluctable so you might as well embrace youth as you have it.
mercurial-  adjective:  changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty.
  • The host had a very mercurial group of friends and none of them showed up to her party.
palliate- verb (used with object): to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate.
  • The Advil palliated her stomach pains temporarily, but they later returned.protocol
resplendent- adjective: shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid.
  • The children looked resplendent in their brand new uniforms.
stigmatize- verb (used with object): to set some mark of disgrace or infamy.
  • Hester was stigmatized with her scarlet letter after committing adultery.
sub rosanoun: confidentially; secretly; privately.
  • The Christians would meet sub rosa to avoid being persecuted. 
vainglorynoun: excessive elation or pride over one's own achievements, abilities.
  • He did not hesitate to flaunt his personal vainglory in public.
vestigenoun: a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or in existence.
  • A single chard frame was all that was left of the house after it burnt down.
volition noun: the act of willing, choosing, or resolving; exercise of willing; a choice or decision made by the will
  • The young woman decided to pursue a path of her own volition.

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